Genetic Engineering Courses, Scope & Careers

  • By Christy J. Varghese
  • 2 March 2023
Genetic Engineering Courses, Scope & Careers

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Genetic Engineering is a lesser-known discipline of biology that combines the sciences of biotechnology and genetics. It employs biotechnology to enable direct manipulation of a specific organism's genes. Suppose you are interested in how genetics and technology may change how we understand medical research; in that case, you can enrol in one of the many Genetic Engineering courses available worldwide.

B.Tech course in Genetic Engineering is one of the most recent engineering topics still being investigated by academics and experts worldwide. This profession has a lot of opportunities for those who desire to go into genealogical research. 

Since the concept of genetic engineering is such a new field of research and study, job prospects are essential components of the course. But, those interested in this sector and keen to study can get high-paying jobs. 

If you want to get a B.Tech degree in genetic engineering, this blog will introduce you to its key components and the programmes available on this subject worldwide. 

Continue reading to find out more information about Genetic Engineering in detail and depth. 

(Read if you need help in choosing an engineering stream?)

Basic Concept of Genetic Engineering

Genetic engineering is a branch of biology that deals with modifying an organism's DNA and genes using biotechnology to alter or modify a specific organism trait. An organism's genes are modified by artificial synthesis or by inserting a new DNA strand into an organism's already existing genes to change a particular function or trait of that organism. These modified (genetically) organisms are then employed for various objectives, such as genetically modifying a plant to produce fruits with a longer shelf life. This specific field has done significant agricultural research and was a crucial component of the Green Revolution.

Genetic Engineering: Course Highlights

The course highlights of genetic engineering are shown in the table below for the candidates. 

Course Name

Genetic Engineering

Course Level

Diploma Genetic Engineering

Graduate Genetic Engineering

Postgraduate Genetic Engineering

Average Duration

2 to 5 years

Exam Type

Semester System

Admission Procedure

Counselling following the completion of an entrance test

Average Course Fee

₹2 lakhs per annum to ₹10 lakhs per annum

Major Entrance Examinations


Average Starting Salary

₹3 lakhs per annum to ₹8 lakhs per annum

Scope of Genetic Engineering

Candidates with an undergraduate or postgraduate degree in genetic engineering can readily find work as research assistants or lab managers, and PhD scholars can join the institution as teachers while also pursuing postdoctoral training. 

A doctorate in biological sciences is necessary for individuals to become genetic engineering scientists. Candidates who complete the programme may be hired in the R&D departments of various government institutions. Major industries such as health, education, pharmaceuticals, and even the military recruit competent personnel.

Because India is the epicentre of generic medications, there are numerous work opportunities in the medical and pharmaceutical sectors, genetic engineering organisations, and chemical industries, with wages ranging from ₹8 lakhs per annum to ₹12 lakhs per annum (approximate). 

Candidates who decide to work in research laboratories at several prestigious institutions may one day assist in a full-fledged state-funded research project.

Genetic Engineering Technologies

The Genetic Engineering industry is one of the most rising, having uncovered several previously unknown procedures and equipment. The following pointers highlight some of the emerging trends and technologies in the field of Genetic Engineering:

  • Plastome Transformation
  • Genome Editing
  • Gene Dive
  • Expression of Added Genes
  • Synthetic Chromosomes
  • Exterminating Gene Expression using RNA Interference

Genetic Engineering Course Curriculum

The B.Tech degree course on Genetic Engineering introduces students to gene analysis on a bigger scale. Candidates are schooled on the genetics of living creatures, from plants to humans. The programme includes all aspects of preparing individuals for the profession of Genetic Engineering, from advanced lab equipment to current gene-editing technologies.

The Genetic Engineering course incorporates scientific principles and concepts from other areas, such as chemistry and mathematics. The Genetic Engineering course curriculum provides applicants with theoretical and practical learning through laboratory activities, including all of today's key technologies.

(Also read: top private engineering colleges in India)

Genetic Engineering Course Eligibility Requirements

Individuals interested in pursuing a professional degree in Genetic Engineering can enrol in the B.Tech programme after completing their 10 + 2 science with Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, and Biology. Admission to B.Tech in Genetic Engineering is made through in-house entrance tests administered by individual institutions or by the results of national engineering entrance examinations such as CFTIs, or JEE for IITs/NITs around the country.

List of Top Colleges in India for Genetic Engineering

College Name

Course Fee

Entrance Exam

SRM Engineering College, Kanchipuram

₹2,60,000 for first year


SRM Institute of Science and Technology - [SRMIST], Chennai

₹2,50,000 for first year


Woxsen University, Hyderabad

₹3,72,000 for first year


Sharda University - [SU], Greater Noida

₹1,80,000 for first year


Parul University, Vadodara

₹86,000 for first year


Genetic Engineering Subjects

If you study Genetic Engineering, you will learn about the practical and theoretical sides of technology and biology. Understanding the course's essential aspects is critical before enrolling in it. The following are the primary subjects addressed in Genetic Engineering courses:

  • Immunology
  • Biochemistry
  • Bioinformatics
  • Nanotechnology

Genetic Engineering Career Options and Job Prospects

The following list shows applicants' employment options after pursuing genetic engineering. This is outlined so that candidates may have a good sense of the career profiles available after completing genetic engineering courses.

  • Professor
  • Genetic Engineer
  • Geneticist
  • Genomics
  • Biophysicist
  • Medical Writer
  • Information Security Engineer


Candidates with a solid education from a good university or institute, as well as the necessary abilities, can earn a good employment position with a decent wage. It is an area with the potential to influence the course of medical science and biotechnology. If you intend to pursue a B.Tech/BE Genetic Engineering degree, you can look into Sunstone to unlock an array of opportunities.

Sunstone has a pan-India presence in over 50 campuses, and it offers dedicated placement support to registered students. Once you register with Sunstone, you get access to advanced certification courses, industry-focused training modules, and internship opportunities.

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