Build your career in science with an M.Sc degree

  • By Christy J. Varghese
  • 15 April 2022

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MSc, or Master of Science, is a graduate programme that provides a variety of specialisations in areas such as life sciences, mathematics, computer science, and geography. The syllabus and course curricula are determined by the speciality chosen. 

The primary purpose of this course is to prepare students for successful careers in specific industries, academia, and research. As a result, the M.Sc syllabus is revised every so often, year after year to meet the needs of the research and scientific community. 

Each speciality has its own syllabus and course programme. It usually comprises core studies that must be undertaken by all students attending that M.Sc programme and students can choose from a range of optional subjects assigned by the institutions based on their interests.

M.Sc, or Master of Science, is a professional and scholarly degree that offers students with adequate training and cognitive experience in a variety of subjects and businesses.

The degree is often completed by students who want to work in the academic research fields, both in the government and commercial sectors.

M.Sc 1st Year Syllabus

The first year of every M.Sc degree in any academic field is the introduction year, during which students must learn the fundamentals of essential topics. As a result, it is critical to introduce students to key topics in order to lay a solid foundation, which the first year syllabus achieves. 

The following are the most significant core subjects in numerous courses in the first year of M.Sc:

M.Sc Computer Science-Ist Year
Statistics and Data Analytics
Java Programming
Data Compression
Structured and Object-Oriented Programming

Aside from these academic areas, there are also practical subjects that must be covered and passed. These classes provide a student with the core knowledge needed to pursue an M.Sc in Computer Science, such as the fundamentals of programming languages, hardware, and software.

M.Sc Biotechnology-Ist Year
Plant Biotechnology
Synthetic Biology
Molecular Biology

These are the core disciplines that help students develop their foundations in addition to the required practical practice. The first year is spent studying and establishing an awareness of biotechnology principles as well as how to conduct various experiments and tests in this field.

M.Sc Data Science-Ist Year
Applied Statistics
Data Mining and Algorithms
Artificial Intelligence
Fundamentals of Data Science

These are the main principle disciplines that make up the foundations of data mining and algorithms, as well as the required practicals and experiments.

M.Sc Physics-Ist Year
Relativity and Cosmology
Mathematical Methods
Solid State Physics
Molecular Spectroscopy

These essential disciplines are taught in the first year so that students can learn the fundamentals of physics and participate in practical classes. And these hands-on lab lessons are required.

M.Sc Statistics-Ist Year
Computer Programming
Ancillary Mathematics
Linear Models and Regression Analysis
Multivariate Analysis

These disciplines, as well as the actual lab lessons, are critical for establishing the fundamentals of statistics, computer programming, and maths.

It's worth noting that, in addition to these topics, each of these years has mandatory practicals, with a 70:30 ratio of theoretical to practical marks. As a result, passing the practical tests is just as vital as passing the academic ones.

M.Sc 2nd Year Syllabus

During the second year of the M.Sc, there is a strong emphasis on reinforcing the fundamentals and building on those foundational cores in order to get a greater grasp of the discipline and to provide the groundwork for future research and innovation. Here's a review of some of the most important courses taught in the final year of M.Sc that are both beneficial and necessary for gaining a deeper understanding:

M.Sc Computer Science-2nd Year
Web Technology
Soft Computing 
Web Services
Visual and Dot Net programming

These disciplines are required for laying the groundwork for a future professional career as well as practical lab tests and experiments. Practical lessons are important because they help students gain relevant field experience.

M.Sc Biotechnology-2nd Year
Systems Biology
Genetic Engineering
Animal Biotechnology

These disciplines, combined with the practical lab sessions, provide the professional core basics needed to further a graduate's job, as well as prepare you for future challenges in the field of biotechnology and help you map out a career path.

M.Sc Data Science-2nd Year
Python Programming
Machine learning
Cyber Security
Spatial Modelling

Along with the above-mentioned disciplines, practical lab sessions in data sciences assist students to gain up-to-date skills and experience to become effective professionals in their professions. Data scientists are high in demand these days because of the new evolution and advancements in technology.

M.Sc Physics-2nd Year
Nuclear Physics
Statistical Mechanics
Quantum Mechanics

These fundamental disciplines and topics provide graduates with the central tenets for a more successful professional career. Compulsory lab lessons help students learn the principles of physics, which will help them grow and thrive in their future careers.

M.Sc Statistics-2nd Year
Time Series Analysis
Sample Surveys
Measure Theory and Probability
Multivariate Analysis

These topics and subjects give students the required background knowledge in the area, allowing them to pursue a more successful career path in statistics.

The same criterion applies to the final year or second year of all M.Sc degrees as it does to the first year: the ratio of theoretical to practical marks is 70:30.

M.Sc Specialisation Syllabus

For a successful career in research and academia, one can choose from a wide choice of specialist disciplines for M.Sc. A specialisation trains a person to gain knowledge in a particular area, allowing the field to progress further via study and experimentation. Let us see what are the different most commonly pursued M.Sc specialisations in India:

  1. M.Sc Microbiology

Syllabus for M.Sc Microbiology

Introduction to Microbes and Prokaryotes Structure and Properties of Mono
Intracytoplasmic Inclusions Isolation Techniques of Microorganisms 
Distribution, Morphology and Classification Classification and Structure of Unsaturated Fatty Acids
Nutrition and Cultivation General Aspects of Amino Acid Classification
Morphological Characteristics of Bacteria  Homo and Heterolactic Fermentation
Different Cell Morphology Classification and Structure of Amino Acids

Eukaryotic Genome Recombinant DNA Technology
Isolation Techniques of Microorganisms Pharmaceutical Microbiology
Aquatic Microbiology Immune System and Immunity
Plasmids and Bacteriophages Fermentation Technology
Soil Microbiology Proteomics, Bioinformatics and Microbial Genomics
Elective I Elective III
Elective II Elective IV

Books for Microbiology

Name of the Books Authors
Prescott’s Microbiology Sherwood, Wiley, and Woolverton
Microbiology: Laboratory Theory and Application Leboffe and Pierce
Microbial Biofilms Arindam Mitra
Textbook of Microbiology DR Arora
Medical Microbiology Pfaller, Rosenthal, and Murray

  1. M.Sc Biotechnology

Syllabus of M.Sc Biotechnology

Bioinformatics Biochemical and biophysical techniques  Stem Cell Technology and Regenerative Medicines  Genomics and Proteomics 
Bioprocess Engineering Agricultural Biotechnology Advanced Biological Chemistry Bio-entrepreneurship  Immunology 
Animal Biotechnology  Food Technology and Nutrigenomics  Cell Biology  Biochemical and Biophysical techniques 
Scientific Research and Communications  Advanced Genetics  Microbiology Nano-biotechnology 
Environmental Biotechnology  Molecular Biology Bioprocess engineering & Fermentation Technology  Principles of Bacteriology and Virology 

Books for M.Sc Biotechnology

Book Author
Applied Immunology Benjamin Abraham Thomas
Algorithm in Bio-informatics Aron and Jens
Introduction to Bio-informatics Lesk
Animal Biotechnology Ranga M M
IPR, Biosafety and Bioethics Goel and Prashar
Plant Biotechnology P K Gupta
Plant Biochemistry Hans Walter Heldt
Advances in Applied Microbiology Geoffrey Micheal Gadd

  1. M.Sc Computer Science

Data Structures Operating Systems
Computer Organisation and Architecture C++ Programming Laboratory
Structured and Object-Oriented Programming Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science
Design and Analysis of Algorithms Database Management System
Operating Systems Laboratory – Unix and Shell Programming Computer Graphics
Computer Networks Visual and Dot Net (.NET) Programming
Design and Analysis of Algorithms Database Management System
Database Management and Case Tools Laboratory Dot Net (.NET) Laboratory
Web Technology Web Tech/ Java Laboratory
Software Engineering Java Programming
Mini Project Elective 1
Elective 2 Project Work

Books for M.Sc Computer Science

Book Name Author
Core Java: An Integrated Approach, New: Includes All Versions up to Java 8 R. Nageswara Rao and DT Editorial Services
Computer Networking: A Top-Down Approach Kurose James F. and Ross Keith W.
Fundamentals of Database System Elmasri Ramez and Navathe Shamkant
C in Depth Deepali Srivastava and S. K. Srivastava
Data Structures and Algorithms Data Structures and Algorithms

  1. M.Sc Psychology

M.Sc Psychology Syllabus

Statistics in Behavioural Science Cognitive Psychology
Research Methods in Psychology Experimental Design Theory
Cognitive Psychology 2 Psychometrics Theory
Neuropsychology Elective
Seminar Practicals
Psychology and Social Behaviour Theory Systems Skills and Intervention
Application of Psychology 1 Application of Psychology 2
Systems and Skills Dissertation
Personality Theory Systems and Skills intervention
Synopsis Self and Positive Psychology

Books for M.Sc Psychology

Name of the Books Authors
Cambridge International AS and A Level Psychology Coursebook Julia Russell and Fiona Lintern
Psychology Course Book: The Only DP Resources Developed With the IB [Oxford IB Diploma Programme] Crane
AP Psychology Crash Course Larry Krieger
The Possible Human: A Course in Enhancing Your Physical, Mental & Creative Abilities Jean Houston
IB Psychology Online Course Book John Crane and Jette Hannibal
Personality Disorders [Clinical Psychology: A Modular Course] Paul M.G. Emmelkamp and Jan Henk Kamphuis
NLP: Essential Crash Course to Harnessing the Power of NLP for Mind Control, Hypnosis, & Self Confidence [ Psychology of Success, Confidence, Motivation, Communication, Emotions, Behaviour Book 1] J.D. Saunders and NLP
Changing of the Course of Autism: A Scientific Approach for Parents and Physician Bryan Jepson and Jane Johnson
Cognitive Psychology for Dummies Peter J. Hills and Michael Pake

  1. M.Sc IT

M.Sc IT Syllabus

Database Management Systems Core Java
Data Communication Advanced Java
E-Commerce Algorithm Design andOptimization
Fundamentals of Information Technology Artificial Intelligence
Management Information Systems Computer Ethics and Cyber Law
Microprocessor System Communication & Soft Skills
Multimedia Basic Mathematics
NET Technologies Computer Graphics
Operating Systems Computer Networking
Principles of Management Computer System Architecture
Programming in C Desktop Publishing Tools
Programming in C++ Digital Electronics Fundamentals
Project Management Data Structures through C
Relational Database Management System Digital Electronics
Software Engineering Data Mining
Software Testing Distributed System
Visual Basic Web Development

Books for M.Sc IT

Name of the Book Name of the Author
Logic and Prolog ProgrammingMathematical Statistics Saroj Kaushik
Mathematical Statistics J. E. Freund
Introduction to Mathematical Statistics Robert V. Hogg
Theoretical Mechanics M. R. Spiegel
Operating Systems: Internals and Design Principles William Stallings
Python for Data Science Ethan Williams

  1. M.Sc Physics

M.Sc Physics Syllabus

Classical Mechanics Electronics
Solid-State Physics Renewable Energy Sources
Mathematical Physics Statistical Mechanics
Quantum Mechanics Atomic Physics
Fundamentals of MATLAB Spectroscope
Labs Advanced Quantum Mechanics
Nuclear Physics Specialisation Subject
Specialisation Subjects Dissertation/Thesis - 2
Dissertation/Thesis - 1

Books for M.Sc Physics

Name of the Book Authors
Mathematical Methods Paul Goldbarts
Solid State Physics, Device and Electronics K.Vijaya Kumar & T. Sreekanth
Mechanics D. S Mathur
Electricity and Magnetism James Clerk Maxwell
Optics Ajay Ghatak
Theory and Problems of Complex Variables M. R. Spiegel
Mathematical Methods for Physicists G. Arfken
Mathematical Methods of Physics J. Mathews and R. I Walker
Mathematics for Physicists P. Dennery and A. Krzywicki
Classical Mechanics K. C. Gupta

  1. M.Sc Maths

M.Sc Maths Syllabus

Algebra - I Real Analysis Topology - I Ordinary Differential Equations
Discrete Mathematics A Brief Biography of Eminent Mathematicians and the History of Mathematics Algebra - II Complex Analysis
Topology - II Functional Analysis Partial Differential Equations Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis - I
Differential Geometry Mathematical Methods Fluid Mechanics Numerical Analysis - II
Measure And Integration Electives I-VI

Books for M.Sc Maths

Name of the Book Author
Algebra, Prentice-Hall of India, 1991 M. Artin
Algebra, 3rd edition, Addison-Wesley, 1993 S.Lang
Basic Algebra, Volumes I & II, W.H.Freeman, 1980 N.Jacobson
Basic Abstract Algebra ( 2nd Edition) P.B. Bhattacharya, S.K. Jain, and S.R. Nagpaul
An Introduction to the Study of Population, South Asian Publishing Misra.B.D.(1982)
Data Structures and Algorithm Analysis in C”, Addition-Wesley, Third Indian Reprint, 2000 Mark Allen Weiss

  1. M.Sc Economics

M.Sc Economics Syllabus

Advanced Macroeconomics-1 Advanced Macroeconomics-2 Mathematics for Economics Statistics for Economics
Development of Economics Econometrics-I History of Economic Ideas Advanced Indian Economics
Public Economics Research Methodology Indian Economics Contemporary Issues in the Indian Economy
Economics of Business Strategy International Economics Labour Economics Environmental Economics
Financial Econometrics Research Project Electives I, II, III

Books for M.Sc Economics

Name of Book Author
The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics Palgrave Macmillan
A dictionary of economics Nigar Hashimzade, Gareth Myles
An Encyclopedia of Keynesian Economics Thomas Cate

Apart from these, some of the other common specialisations that are opted for by students are:

  1. M.Sc Biology
  2. M.Sc Chemistry
  3. M.Sc Zoology
  4. M.Sc Botany

Once the degree programme is over, a graduate has a plethora of opportunities to explore. Since the M.Sc programme is a key factor in enabling an individual towards an extensive academic and research career. In positions such as Research Executive, Clinical Research Associate, Project Assistant, JRF/SRF, Pharma Associate, Young Professionals, and others, the average beginning compensation might be approximately INR 3.5-5.5 Lacs Per Annum.

After obtaining an M.Sc in any field, students have a variety of choices. Upon completing a Master of Science degree, there are several employment prospects in government and private in the sectors given below:

  1. Drug Research Institutes
  2. Medical Research
  3. Hospitals
  4. Seed and Nursery Organizations
  5. Pharmaceutical Firms
  6. Botanical Survey
  7. Agricultural Research Organizations
  8. Medical Laboratories
  9. Food Research Institutes
  10. Sustainable Development Industry
  11. Testing Laboratories
  12. Biotechnology Firms
  13. Wildlife and Fishery Departments
  14. Public Schools
  15. Government and Private Colleges

Some of the top companies that employ M.Sc graduates readily with good packages are:

  1. Indian Immunologicals Ltd.
  2. Biocon
  3. NextGen Life Sciences
  4. CSIR Institutes
  5. Bharat Serums & Vaccines
  6. ICAR Institutes
  7. Novozymes
  8. FSSAI
  9. IQVIA
  10. Cargo
  11. Coca Cola 
  12. Pepsi Co

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