Which is Better: Python or Java?

  • By Neha Siddhwani
  • 1 June 2023
Which is Better: Python or Java?

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Python vs Java: a neverending debate! If you are about to become an engineer or you are pursuing a B.Tech program, then you must be familiar with these two programming languages. You must have read about why Python is necessary for CSE or why Java is necessary for B.Tech but when it comes to pursuing a career in one, it’s a challenging task. So, if Python vs Java is a confusion that you are dealing with, we have covered you here. Under this blog, you will learn about both languages and their advantages and disadvantages.

B.Tech Course Highlight

Name of the course

Bachelor of Technology

Course Duration

4 years

Average Fees of B.Tech Program

₹ 2-5 Lakh

Degree Level


Eligibility for B.Tech Program

Class 12th with Physics, Chemistry, Maths

Minimum aggregate 60%

Performance in the entrance exam

B.Tech Entrance Exams


B.Tech Specialisations

Computer Engineer, Electrical Engineer, Mechanical Engineer, Marine Engineer, Civil Engineer

Top B.Tech Institutes


Top Recruiters for B.Tech

Apple, ISRO, Google, Amazon, Hindustan Unilever, Infosys, OYO, Accenture

What is Python?

Since its initial release in 1991, Python has been around. Guido van Rossum created the programming language intending to make the code readable. Python's simplicity and the simplicity with which many programmers may learn the language are two of its primary motivating factors. It is an interpreted language, which implies that each command is executed by running the programme line by line through interpreters.

Python has a more succinct syntax than Java, which makes it faster and simpler to learn the language and test programmes. Instead of compiling the complete programme before running it, you enter lines directly into the terminal as you type. The interpreted languages Ruby, PHP, and JavaScript are other examples.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Python

Advantages of Python

Disadvantages of Python

You can use Python on various platforms.

It doesn’t execute multiple threads.

Python offers extensive libraries.

You need to put more effort into finding libraries for mobile purposes.

You can download Python without adding any cost and it’s easy to learn.

Python uses a large amount of memory.

Python is more productive than Java.

Python offers more flexible support to programming.

Python is dynamically typed; hence, fast for development.

What is Java?

Since 1995, Java has existed as a programming language and platform. Since its introduction, it has grown to be one of the most widely used languages among programmers and web developers. It is an object-oriented, general-purpose language. Java is your speedier alternative because it is a compiled language, in contrast to Python.

Programming in compiled languages, like Java, results in a direct conversion of the code to machine code. This gives you greater control over hardware features like CPU consumption while enabling the processor to operate much more swiftly and effectively. The compiled languages C and C++, Rust, Go, and Haskell are other examples.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Java

Advantages of Java

Disadvantages of Java

Java language is platform independent as you can use it on multiple types of computers.

Although Java is simple, it has a lot of words in it.

It is simple as the syntax is straightforward.

You don’t have control over garbage collection in Java.

Java is secure.

It doesn’t have a native look.

You can run more than one thread at a time using Java.

Java is object-oriented.

This language has a large global community.

Python vs Java: Differences

Talking about Python vs Java, here are some significant differences to consider. Let’s have a look at the following:



With Python, the code is clean, readable and concise.

To make the code readable in Java, developers have to put more effort.

As Python is an interpreter language, it assumes types during the runtime, making it slower.

As all the types are assigned during compilation, Java becomes faster than Python. 

Interpreted programming language, Python supports:

  • Object-oriented
  • Imperative
  • Functional and Procedural paradigms.

Java was specifically developed for

  • Class-based 
  • Object-oriented paradigms.

In this, the program can be run using Python Interpreter.

As the compiled code is converted into bytecode in Java, it can be run on any platform that has Java Virtual Machine.

It doesn’t require declaring the variables, the interpreter detects and changes the data type of the variables.

Until type-casted, it doesn’t allow the compiler to change the data type of the variables.

# This program prints Hello, world!

print('Hello, world!')

// Your First Program

class HelloWorld {

    public static void main(String[] args) {

        System.out.println("Hello, World!"); 



Python vs Java: Which is Better?

You would have to study both programming languages while pursuing a B.Tech program but it’s your choice to pursue your career in either one. Python is comparatively easier than Java to work on but both languages serve a great career scope. If you want to continue with both programming languages, it’s your choice as the more the better. Python is mainly used in data scientist roles and if you want to stay as an application developer or backend software developer, then focusing on Java would be a great choice. Python is the simple route and Java is the faster path, decide for yourself.

What is B.Tech?

B.Tech full form is Bachelor of Technology which is a four-year undergraduate program, spread over 8 semesters. After completing four years of study in the subject, applicants are awarded a Bachelor of Technology (BTech), a professional undergraduate engineering degree. One of the most sought-after courses in India is engineering, which is provided by a large number of educational institutions. B.Tech course is one of the most sought-after programmes in India, drawing thousands of students each year to register in its prestigious and well-known programme. Every year, more than 10 lakh engineers graduate from colleges in India, which has over 2500 engineering schools and 1300 polytechnic institutes. 

About Sunstone

Sunstone is a higher education service provider from where you can apply for UG and PG programs. If you choose a college powered by Sunstone to pursue your B.Tech course, then you will be unlocking numerous benefits that will help you kickstart your career. With Sunstone by your side, you get:

  • 70+  training and development sessions from top recruiters and industry experts.
  • A capstone project to work on, every semester.
  • You learn from guest faculty that are ex-IIMs and IITs.
  • Lifetime access to a PAN-India student community.
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FAQs - Python vs Java

Is B.Tech tough?

B.Tech is a relatively challenging course to pursue.

Can I do B.Tech without Maths?

No! Without maths, you won’t be able to pursue a B.Tech program.

Can I join B.Tech program without JEE?

Yes! There are several BTech colleges in India where you can study B.Tech programs without giving JEE. They have their own entrance exam or eligibility criteria.

What is a B.Tech salary?

The highest salary of a B.Tech engineer ranges from ₹ 30 Lakh to ₹ 1.20 Crore.

What is the full form of B.Tech?

The full form of B.Tech is a Bachelor of Technology.

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