Which Stream to Choose in Engineering for Your Career?

  • By Alekhya Chakrabarty
  • 12 July 2022
Which Stream to Choose in Engineering for Your Career? | Sunstone Blog

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The Engineering stream is an extremely sought-after and competitive field in India, with several premier institutions offering a range of postgraduate and undergraduate courses

Engineering is in demand as it is popular among Indian students. They have many specialisations to choose from based on their aptitude, interests and expectations from careers. For this reason, choosing an Engineering stream can take a lot of work for students.  

While browsing the best engineering streams to choose from, some things to remember include your interest and aptitude and how lucrative the employment prospects will be after graduation.  

We detail the process of selecting the right Engineering stream for you in this blog. Continue reading for more on Engineering undergraduate courses and B.Tech streams. 

Step 1: Know your options

The Engineering universe has a large number of options to choose from. Furthermore, these options are spread across various disciplines, from computers to the medical sciences. 

One must choose among these options based on their own interest and career prospects in the long run. Here, we’ve listed some of the best Engineering streams to choose from – 

  • Computer Science Engineering 
  • Electronics & Communications Engineering 
  • Mechanical Engineering 
  • Information Technology Engineering 
  • Civil Engineering 
  • Chemical Engineering
  • Agricultural Engineering 
  • Biochemical Engineering

The different B.Tech branches focus on different domains, and the one you choose should align with your interest and offers the best career scope and job opportunity. 

Step 2: Figure out your job orientation

Interest, aptitude and financial viability must all align for you when choosing from different types of engineering in India that are more ‘job oriented. 

This means the job must offer high remuneration, job satisfaction, and future scope. 

Here are some of the engineering streams and their scope for job-oriented students:

  • Computer Science

Computer Science Engineering is the most popular and widely adopted B.Tech stream.  

It combines engineering and Computer Science and involves programming, programming languages, software, networking, hardware algorithms and program designs.   

Computer Science Engineering students can be employed as developers, solution integrators, database administrators, domain consultants, design engineers, network administrators, software testers and technical industry officers. 

  • Electronics and Communication

Electronics and Communication Engineering is the study of electrical components used to create electric circuits, devices and systems. 

Students of Electronics and Communication Engineering go on to work as service engineers, research and development engineers, software analysts, network planning engineers, network administrators and technical directors. 

Some of the prominent government organisations where they can be employed include DRDO, ISRO, BHEL, BSNL, NTPC, HPCL, IES and BEL.

  • Information Technology

This branch of Engineering concerns computer systems to store, manage, transfer and retrieve data. 

Information Technology engineers are eligible for roles of database administrators, information system managers, computer technicians, network administrators, data security administrators and computer support specialists.

  • Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical Engineering deals with heavy machinery and involves principles of Engineering, Physics, and material science for the analysis, design, maintenance and manufacturing of mechanical systems. 

The career opportunities include maintenance engineers, CAD technicians, control and instrumentation engineers and mechanical engineers.

Step 3: Know your interests

The best Engineering streams to choose from are many. However, it can be daunting to take your pick. The key to making this choice is to explore your interests when picking from the different streams in engineering. 

Computer Science Engineering requires a talent for coding, software and programming and an interest in this increasingly digital work.

If you love building machines, Mechanical Engineering may be the right option. It involves knowledge of heavy machinery, kinematics and the workings of a motor. 

Electronics and Communication Engineering is all about gadgets - a great field for those who love gizmos. On the other hand, IT Engineering is all about managing and maintaining information technology systems.

Step 4: Choose a branch

After carefully considering all these parameters, select the right Engineering branch. 

Step 5: Select the college

Now that you have chosen the undergraduate courses, it is time to select the right college. 

First, ensure you have a long list of colleges that offer the UGP you are interested in. 

Then, narrow down your choices based on the following criteria -

  • The location where the college is situated. If your priority is to stay closer to home, choose a college easily accessible to your house. Ensure that it is located near a big city so that you have access to full college life and opportunities.
  • Ensure that the college uses advanced teaching methodologies and has a vibrant extracurricular scene. Make sure to watch out for the infrastructure so that it has good laboratories, libraries, equipment, instruments and hostels.
  • Make sure your shortlisted colleges have good accreditation from national agencies, making them more credible.
  • Compare the fee structures of all the shortlisted colleges and see which fits your budget while providing the maximum facilities and best infrastructure. Also, look into undergraduate scholarships and see if you qualify to get into the best possible Engineering college.
  • Make sure your college offers ample national and international exposure through collaborations with other universities and organisations so that you can participate in exchange programs and internships.
  • Check out the placement percentages of the colleges you have listed, along with the type of companies that come there for recruitment. Also, find out the CTC packages offered and the positions people are hired for.

Step 6: Choose the best college

After you have filtered all the colleges based on these criteria, choose the one that provides the best stream for B.Tech for you. 

Ensure that you choose based on location, placement records, scholarships, curriculum and infrastructure.


It is imperative to choose the right college for you in an orderly fashion. 

Make sure you follow all the steps, choose a stream based on its scope and prospects, and keep in mind your interests and aptitude to make the most out of your Engineering degree. 

If you wish to get admission to the best engineering college with a wide range of B.Tech branches, study at Sunstone. Avail of our benefits like the best job placement assistance and pursue a B.Tech undergraduate from the best colleges of your choice. 


  • What are the different engineering streams?

Computer science, electronics and communication, information technology and mechanical engineering are some of the different engineering streams in India.

  • What are the best engineering courses?

Choosing an engineering course is a matter of personal interest and aptitude. There are many courses, but some of the best engineering streams include Computer Science, Electronics and Communication, Information Technology and Mechanical Engineering.

  • How to choose the right stream for Engineering?

You should know about the options open to you, the career you picture yourself having, your academic strengths and weaknesses, and the college of your dreams. 

Also Read:

  1. Top 10 Private Engineering Colleges in India
  2. Top 10 Engineering Entrance Exams in India
  3. Top Engineering Colleges in Nagpur - 2023

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